A dislocation of two primary bones in the foot causes the problem. However, some people who experience this dislocation will not experience bunions. That is because they do not suffer from the overgrowing of the bones and the bloating of the joint. One of the bones related to this condition is the “first metatarsal bone.” This lengthy, thin bone is connected to the big toe on one end, while the other end is attached to bones of the foot that are nearer to the ankle. In this condition, the foot bone moves towards the other four metatarsals attached to the toes.
If you are on your feet all day, you might suffer from Bunions or you are more prone to develop bunions. Bunions form when the normal balance of forces exerted on the joints and tendons of your feet are disrupted. This can lead to instability in the big toe joint, and can cause a deformity. Bunions develop over years of abnormal motion and pressure to your big toe joints. Heredity can also play a role in the development of Bunions. Other causes of Bunions might be improper fitting shoes that affect the way you walk, foot injuries, deformities present at birth and Neuromuscular disorders.
Bunions are caused by a combination of factors, including a familial predisposition, and wearing high-heeled shoes that are tight and narrow at the front. Most bunions occur in women. Sometimes other foot problems accompany bunions, including calluses and hammertoes (angling downward of the lesser toes). Pain over the medial eminence is the most common problem that affects bunion patients. A “toe spacer” can be placed between the first and second toes and can provide some pain relief as it straightens out the bunion slightly. Pads placed over the medial eminence itself are hard to keep in place and rarely help to relieve pain.
Your big toe will be described as a big problem to you if it is attracted by the bunion problem. It is designed to take of the most of your weight when you walk. When this massive toe is not functioning properly as within the case of a bunion, you will experience symptoms in your knees, feet, low back and hips. A Foot’s Natural Shape – Sometimes, people develop metatarsalgia because of a congenital condition. People with high arches and second toes that are longer than their big toes experience metatarsalgia on a greater basis because more pressure is being placed on the metatarsals.
On February 10 th , 2011 I had corrective surgery on the bunion of my left foot. Even though I’d had the same procedure performed on my right foot about ten years earlier, I thought that I might benefit from a refresher course on how best to manage on only one foot for several weeks. I scoured the internet in search of a first person account of the surgery but could find only general medical advice, so I decided to keep a diary of my own recovery while it was still fresh in my mind. It is possible that someone in a similar position might find my experiences useful.
Over the years your big toe joint can suffer damage from simple accidents like stubbing your toe in the middle of the right, dropping an object on your toe, and so many other things. Eventually, the cartilage gets damaged and is slowly destroyed. The first symptom of this destruction is limited joint motion. When we walk, our big toe joint should have about 65 degrees of motion. With joint damage, the amount of motion gets smaller and smaller and BAM! The pain hits you out of nowhere! All of a sudden you notice your big toe is stiff or rigid and oh so painful.
Advancements in bunion surgery have allowed for more predictable outcomes, less post-op pain, and a quicker return to normal activities. Improved surgical instrumentation, imaging modalities, and fixation hardware allow the foot surgeon to precisely correct the deformity, reducing the risk of post-op complications. Most bunion surgeries allow for limited walking on the day of surgery in a protective surgery shoe. Patients are generally returned to normal shoes in 4-6 weeks, with a gradual return to full activities. Most patients experience excellent outcomes with no return of the bunion deformity. Most hammer toes occur in the “lesser” toes (the second, third and fourth toes); it’s rarely seen in the big toe.
Go to a good shoe store and talk to someone who is aware of shoes and can fit you properly. The person must ask you to walk, or perhaps stand with your toes turned out over the knees. Go with what is secure, walk around the shop in them a good bit before buying. If you cannot go to a podiatrist right away, however, here are some bunion self treatments that you can do on your own to diminish bunion pain. Use a separator between first and second toes to prevent them from abutting against each other. The best separators are made from silicone. Try the Gel Toe Separator.
A number of procedures can correct the misaligned joint and remove the bump. All bunions are different, says Dr. Chattler,so speak with your physician about which procedure is best for you. Surgery usually lasts about one hour with local anesthesia, and most patients leave the hospital that day. But healing can take eight to 12 weeks, and swelling can last up to six months. Arthrodesis Â – This is the removal of the damaged joint surfaces and insertion of wires, screws, or plates to hold the joint together as it heals. This measure is used for those with severe arthritis.